AGGREGATE IMPACT VALUE
To determine the aggregate impact value of coarse aggregates
as per IS: 2386 (Part IV) - 1963.
AGGREGATE IMPACT TEST MACHINE
i) Impact testing machine conforming to IS: 2386 (Part IV)
ii) IS Sieves of sizes - 12.5mm, 10mm and 2.36mm
iii) A cylindrical metal measure of 75mm dia. and 50mm depth
iv) A tamping rod of 10mm circular cross section and 230mm
length, rounded at one end
PREPARATION OF SAMPLE
i) The test sample should conform to the following grading:
- Passing through 12.5mm IS Sieve 100%
- Retention on 10mm IS Sieve 100%
ii) The sample should be oven-dried for 4hrs. at a temperature
of 100 to 110oC and cooled.
iii) The measure should be about one-third full with the prepared
aggregates and tamped with 25 strokes of the tamping rod.
A further similar quantity of aggregates should be added and
a further tamping of 25 strokes given. The measure should
finally be filled to overflow, tamped 25 times and the surplus
aggregates struck off, using a tamping rod as a straight
edge. The net weight of the aggregates in the measure
should be determined to the nearest gram (Weight 'A').
i) The cup of the impact testing machine should be fixed firmly
in position on the base of the machine and the whole of the
test sample placed in it and compacted by 25 strokes of the
ii) The hammer should be raised to 380mm above the upper
surface of the aggregates in the cup and allowed to fall
freely onto the aggregates. The test sample should be
subjected to a total of 15 such blows, each being delivered
at an interval of not less than one second.
REPORTING OF RESULTS
i) The sample should be removed and sieved through a
2.36mm IS Sieve. The fraction passing through should be
weighed (Weight 'B'). The fraction retained on the sieve
should also be weighed (Weight 'C') and if the total weight
(B+C) is less than the initial weight (A) by more than one
gram, the result should be discarded and a fresh test done.
ii) The ratio of the weight of the fines formed to the total
sample weight should be expressed as a percentage.
Aggregate impact value = ——– x 100%
iii) Two such tests should be carried out and the mean of the
results should be reported.