121.According to IS: 456-1978, the maximum strain in concrete at the outermost

compression fibre in the limit state design of flexural member is 0.0035

122.The minimum eccentricity for design of columns as per IS : 456-1978 is

1/500 +D/30

subjected to a maximum of 20 mm. where l = unsupported length of the

column and

123. For the deflection of simply supported beam to be within permissible limits, the ratio of its span to effective depth as per IS : 456-1978 should not exceed

20

124. The development length of bars of diameter Φ, as per IS : 456-1978 is

given by

125.For bars in tension, a standard hook has an anchorage value equivalent to a straight length of 16Φ

126.The creep strains are caused due to dead loads only

127. The effect of creep on modular ratio is to increase it

128. Shrinkage of concrete depends upon i) humidity of atmosphere

ii) passage of time

129. Due to shrinkage stresses, a simply supported beam having reinforcement

only at bottom tends to deflect downward

130. In symmetrically reinforced sections, shrinkage stresses in concrete and steel are respectively tensile and compressive

131. A beam curved in plan is designed for bending moment, shear and torsion

132. In a spherical dome subjected to concentrated load at crown or uniformly

distributed load, the meridional force is always compressive

133. Sinking of an intermediate support of a continuous beam

i) reduces the negative moment at support

ii) increases the positive moment at centre of span

134. The maximum value of hoop compression in a dome is given by

wR/2d

135. In a spherical dome the hoop stress due to a concentrated load at crown is

tensile everywhere

136. In a ring beam subjected to uniformly distributed load

i) shear force at mid span is zero

ii) torsion at mid span is zero

137. In prestressed concrete forces of tension and compressions

remain unchanged but lever arm changes with the moment

138. The purpose of reinforcement in prestressed concrete is

to impart initial compressive stress in concrete

139. Normally prestressing wires are arranged in the lower part of the beam

140. Most common method of prestressing used for factory production is Long line method