English has now become a global language in the world. It is difficult to get along in life without this language. In many parts it is used as an inherited native language, a second language and a practical language for administrative, professional and educational purposes. Many of the modern ideas of science and technology are communicated only through English. Hence, English is the most important language of the world. Do you know how this language originated? Modern English is only about 500 years old. Some five thousand years ago, languages of the European family were spoken in European countries. They were also spoken by the people of Southern Russia and by the wandering tribes between the Rhine River and the Aral Sea. However, the people who spoke this ancient language had dispersed and their language got broken up into several different dialects. One of these dialects, known as primitive Germanic or Teutonic, began to split up into their dialects about the beginning of the Christian era. It split up into two basic dialects — East Germanic and West Germanic. The West Germanic dialect again split up into two dialects — High German and Low German. From the High German originated the modern language. And, the Low German gave birth to Dutch and English. English, however, was derived from Low German after many changes and modifications over the years. What first developed from Low German, which led to the creation of modern English, was a dialect called Old English or Anglo-Saxon. It was introduced into Britain about the year 449. It continued up to the year 1150. From 1150 to 1500 AD some changes found their way into it and it came to be called Middle English. But it is only from the year 1500 onwards the Modern English came into regular use.
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