2. TESTS ON AGGREGATES
2.1 SIEVE ANALYSIS
To determine the particle size distribution of fine and coarse
aggregates by sieving as per IS: 2386 (Part I) - 1963.
By passing the sample downward through a series of standard
sieves, each of decreasing size openings, the aggregates are
separated into several groups, each of which contains aggregates
in a particular size range.
FIG. 4 : A SET OF IS SIEVES
i) A set of IS Sieves of sizes - 80mm, 63mm, 50mm, 40mm,
31.5mm, 25mm, 20mm, 16mm, 12.5mm, 10mm, 6.3mm,
4.75mm, 3.35mm, 2.36mm, 1.18mm, 600µm, 300µm, 150µm
ii) Balance or scale with an accuracy to measure 0.1 percent
of the weight of the test sample
The weight of sample available should not be less than the
weight given below:-
The sample for sieving should be prepared from the larger sample
either by quartering or by means of a sample divider.
i) The test sample is dried to a constant weight at a
temperature of 110 + 5 °C and weighed.
ii) The sample is sieved by using a set of IS Sieves.
iii) On completion of sieving, the material on each sieve is
iv) Cumulative weight passing through each sieve is calculated
as a percentage of the total sample weight.
v) Fineness modulus is obtained by adding cumulative
percentage of aggregates retained on each sieve and dividing
the sum by 100.
REPORTING OF RESULTS
The results should be calculated and reported as:
i) the cumulative percentage by weight of the total sample
ii) the percentage by weight of the total sample passing
through one sieve and retained on the next smaller sieve, to
the nearest 0.1 percent.
The results of the sieve analysis may be recorded graphically on
a semi-log graph with particle size as abscissa (log scale) and
the percentage smaller than the specified diameter as ordinate.