To determine the softening point of asphaltic bitumen and fluxed
native asphalt, road tar, coal tar pitch and blown type bitumen as
per IS: 1205 - 1978.
It is the temperature at which the substance attains a particular
degree of softening under specified condition of the test.
RING AND BALL APPARATUS
i) Ring and ball apparatus
ii) Thermometer - Low Range : -2 to 80 °C, Graduation 0.2 °C
- High Range : 30 to 200 °C, Graduation 0.5 °C
PREPARATION OF SAMPLE
i) The sample should be just sufficient to fill the ring. The
excess sample should be cut off by a knife.
ii) Heat the material between 75 and 100 °C. Stir it to remove
air bubbles and water, and filter it through IS Sieve 30, if
iii) Heat the rings and apply glycerine. Fill the material in it and
cool it for 30 minutes.
iv) Remove excess material with the help of a warmed, sharp
A) Materials of softening point below 80 °C:
i) Assemble the apparatus with the rings, thermometer and
ball guides in position.
ii) Fill the beaker with boiled distilled water at a temperature
5.0 ± 0.5 °C per minute.
iii) With the help of a stirrer, stir the liquid and apply heat to
the beaker at a temperature of 5.0 ± 0.5 °C per minute.
iv) Apply heat until the material softens and allow the ball to
pass through the ring.
v) Record the temperature at which the ball touches the
bottom, which is nothing but the softening point of that
B) Materials of softening point above 80 °C:
The procedure is the same as described above. The only
difference is that instead of water, glycerine is used and the
starting temperature of the test is 35 °C.
REPORTING OF RESULTS
Record the temperature at which the ball touches the bottom.